Fields: International Humanitarian Law, International Criminal Law

SDGs: Goal 16

The International Court of Justice (ICJ) was established in 1945 under Article 92 of the Charter of the United Nations as the main judicial organ of the UN. The ICJ is the only UN organ not located in New York and has its seat in the Hague, Netherlands. The role of the Court is to settle legal disputes submitted by States under international law and give advisory opinions referred to it by UN organs and agencies.

In the 12th edition of Model Courts of Justice, participants will experience the tension of an ongoing war. Europe is experiencing its darkest hours since the Second World War, which claimed many lives, and since the Yugoslav Wars, with their horrific violence. Ukraine filed a lawsuit against Russia to the International Court of Justice on the grounds of violating the Genocide Convention after the special military operation and the occupation of Ukraine from four different directions by Russia.