Following World War II, it was apparent that the existing system of international law failed to prevent both the outbreak of another war, and the terrible atrocities and genocide committed by the Nazis. These acts, which caused millions to lose their lives in an inhumane way, could not go unpunished. With civil institutions in Germany left unable to try the perpetrators, it was decided by the conscience of the international community that they must be brought to justice by means of an international court.
The Nuremberg Military Tribunal was established by the joint decision of the Allied Control Council to administer justice on behalf of the international community following the shortcomings of its predecessors. Headed by the United States, the Tribunal heard 12 significant cases from December 1946 to April 1949, leaving no atrocity unpunished.
These trials, the first of their kind, are significant landmarks in legal history, as the Charter of the Nuremberg founded the modern conceptions of international crimes such as aggression, crimes against peace, and genocide. Model Courts of Justice will go back in time to simulate this historical watershed moment for modern international criminal law on its 75th anniversary. The case, based in historic norms of the law of war and principles of international humanitarian law, will lead to a multi-faceted discussion in the legal, political, and military roots of international criminal law.
The Nuremberg Military Tribunal is open to students from all faculties looking to gain experience in the legal field. Apply now!