The International Court of Justice is the main judicial organ of the United Nations. The role of the ICJ, which has its seat in The Hague, is to settle disputes submitted by States in accordance with international law. The Court was established in 1945 under the UN Charter and as the highest court in the world and can entertain any question of international law with both general and universal jurisdiction. To commemorate its 10th anniversary, Model Courts of Justice will go back to basics by simulating the first ever case brought to its namesake Court, the Corfu Channel Case.
The Corfu Channel case is an exception in the history as it was recommended to ICJ through the Security Council. The dispute occurred directly after World War 2 between the United Kingdom and Albania. Following a series of naval confrontations and mine explosions in Albanian waters resulting in the death of British naval personnel, diplomatic tension ensued. Thus, the case was referred to the ICJ for peaceful settlement.
Through this historical case, the ICJ will try to reach a verdict on the developing concept of the right of innocent passage and will set precedent in the law of the sea and use of force for decades to come. The Court will further examine the creation of international obligations through elementary consideration in times of peace.
International Court of Justice is open to students from all faculties looking to gain experience in the legal field. Apply now!